Milley at hearing: U.S. Army forced to cut size to reduce risk
(Editor’s note: On Aug. 5, the Senate confirmed the nomination of Gen. Mark A. Milley to be the 39th Army chief of staff. The following story is a report on Milley’s testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee as part of the nomination process. )
The Army is forced to cut its size because limited funds make it impossible to balance force size with modernization needs and combat readiness, Gen. Mark A. Milley said July 21 as the Senate considered his nomination to be the next Army chief of staff.
Milley, nominated to succeed Gen. Raymond T. Odierno as the Army’s top uniformed officer, said he didn’t favor cutting troop strength and fears deeper reductions may lie ahead.
Sequestration, the automatic budget cuts that will happen if Congress and the White House cannot agree on defense and domestic spending caps, would require the Army to keep shrinking while "the demand for ground forces will continue to increase," he told the Senate Armed Services Committee.
His appearance before the committee came as details have been announced about how the Army will cut from 490,000 active duty soldiers to 450,000 over the next three years.
If sequestration happens, the Army could drop as low as 420,000 active duty soldiers.
Currently the Army Forces Command commanding general and a four-star general officer for only a year, Milley said there are national security risks from cutting the Army below 490,000 active duty soldiers but the long-term risks are even greater if the Army continues to delay weapons research and modernization or if it makes cuts in readiness-related funds.
"Readiness is our number one priority," Milley said.
Adding, "No one should ever go into harm’s way who is not ready."
He described the risk of a smaller force as taking more time to mobilize and in possibly higher rates of casualties but not of the U.S. losing a war.
In written answers to questions, Milley said his vision for the Army was that it "is and must remain the world’s premier ground combat force capable of conducting sustained campaigns," and that it "must be lethal, agile, adaptive, innovative, and expeditionary; armed with leader, technological and training overmatch."
On key issues, Milley said:
The National Guard makes some good points in opposition to the Army’s Aviation Restructuring Initiative.
He still favors the shift but pledged to listen to recommendations from the ongoing Commission on the Future of the Army.
That panel, headed by retired Army Gen. Carter F. Ham, will complete its work early next year.
Milley said he has worked closely with the National Guard and Army Reserve, and he doesn’t see a degeneration of working relationships between active and reserve component soldiers but he understands there has been tension in Washington, D.C.
"From a personal perspective, there is one Army. That is what it says on our chest," he said.
The issue about women serving in combat has been decided, he said.
"There is no doubt in my mind women can engage in ground combat with the enemy," he said, but he wants to make certain Army standards are not lowered to allow women into ground combat jobs.
Russia is the greatest threat to the U.S., not because of its intentions but because of its capabilities, he said.
"Russia right now is the number one threat," he said.
Milley’s concerns about the size of the Army didn’t surprise the committee.
Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., the committee chairman, shared the concern.
"We are not cutting the Army because the world has become safer or threats to our security have been reduced. In fact, the opposite is true," McCain said.
He added, "I believe there is no strategic rationale for the Army’s strength to fall below its pre-9/11 level of 490,000 troops."