Soldier life cycle 

10/1/2009 

Lt. Col. Brodrick Bailey, USA
Enterprise Task Force

Over 400 Army leaders and planners met at the Georgia International Convention Center for a Reset ROC (Rehearsal of Concept) Drill to discuss how to improve the life cycle of the soldier and how to run the Army more effectively and efficiently.

Reset is the process of returning units after deployment to satisfactory levels of personnel and equipment, and to begin training the unit for future operations.

The reset process also allows the soldier to recover from the effects of a deployment.

The 12-hour ROC Drill allowed Army leaders to collaborate on important issues pertaining to the soldiers, families and civilians’ well-being. With the strain of fighting two wars and maintaining an all volunteer force, supply is not meeting the demand faced by today’s Army.

Because of the demands of the last eight years of conflict, the Army is out of balance.

The strain has affected many areas, especially: quality of life for the soldier which is evident by unsustainable boots on the ground to the dwell ratios, dependence on stop-loss, and increased incidents of suicide, substance abuse, domestic violence and divorce.

In January 2009, the Secretary of the Army, Pete Geren, signed a memorandum establishing "Institutional Adaptation" as a component of Army transformation.

To focus on transformation efforts, four core enterprises were defined: Materiel, Human Capital, Readiness, and Services and Infrastructure.

Materiel Enterprise, under the assistant secretary of the Army for acquisition, logistics, and technology, and the Army Materiel Command commander, delivers fully integrated acquisition, logistics and technology capabilities to America’s warfighters.

This enterprise executes and manages the Army-wide materiel lifecycle by coordinating research, development, acquisition, testing, distribution, supply, maintenance, industrial base operations and disposal activities.

As a result, a transformation plan has been developed that enables members of the Materiel Enterprise community to work together toward a common strategic goal.

Human Capital Core Enterprise, under the assistant secretary of the Army for manpower and reserve affairs and the Army Training and Doctrine Command commander, supports the soldier readiness lifecycle by meeting the personnel requirements of the Army.

At the strategic level, this enterprise develops and deploys a human capital strategy that advises the Army secretary on service-wide personnel issues and priorities that sustain readiness and preserve the All-Volunteer Force.

At the operational level, it recruits, trains, educates and develops soldiers, civilians and leaders for the Army to meet current and future requirements.

The challenge maintaining readiness is accomplished by synchronizing the professional development tracks of our enlisted, officer, and civilian populations.

This core enterprise is also conducting the Accessions Pilot to examine and improve a number of processes at the U.S. Army Accessions Command.

Readiness Core Enterprise, under the under secretary of the Army and the Army Forces Command commander, focuses on improving the delivery of trained and ready units and forces in support of commanders and Army service requirements.

This enterprise is responsible for the rotational readiness process, ensures unit readiness and manages unit-specific training and the training support life cycle.

Recently, Readiness Core Enterprise conducted the RESET ROC Drill in Atlanta.

To establish a balance following an extended deployment, the focus was on restoring and replenishing redeployed units’ personnel and equipment readiness to permit the resumption of training for future missions.

The drill identified areas where an enterprise approach will produce timelier decisions resulting in increased predictability, decreased turbulence and a better quality of life for our soldiers, civilians and families.

For more information about this drill, go to the Army Enterprise Web site. There will be a follow-up session in the fall.

Services and Infrastructure Core Enterprise, under the assistant secretary of the Army for installations and environment, and the Installation Management Command commander, on behalf of the Army vice chief of staff, provides essential services, infrastructure and operational support worldwide to enable an expeditionary Army and sustain soldiers, their families and civilians.

This core enterprise seeks to gain economies of scope and scale, increased efficiency and improved effectiveness in support of soldier readiness.

It uses an enterprise approach to develop and implement the Army’s sustainability campaign. Transitioning individual initiatives to enterprise-wide synchronization efforts enables the Army to assess risks and effects across the four core enterprises and focuses resources for maximum advantage.

By adopting an Army enterprise approach, Army senior leaders will take a holistic view of Army objectives and resources and act to achieve and sustain readiness and quality.

The Army continues its transformation by adapting its institutions to support an Army on a rotational readiness cycle in an era of persistent conflict.

According to Brig. Gen. Lawarren Patterson, deputy commanding general, U.S. Army Network Enterprise Technology command, Fort Huachuca, Ariz., the drill was a complex activity as leaders aligned and synchronized the Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN) model to ensure personnel, communications and materiel issues to ensure the best trained and ready forces are generated for the Army.

Attendees at the conference were given an extensive presentation, along with a 40-foot World War II-style sand table to illustrate the reset cycle that facilitated discussion on important issues relating to transforming the Army while taking care of soldier and families.

"There was a consensus on where we need to go, what the key takeaways are and most importantly, pinning the roles on those agencies responsible for briefing and bringing back to the Army staff recommendations," Lt. Col. Doug McBride, Office of Army Forces Command, G-4, said.

Last year, the Enterprise Task Force was chartered to develop and oversee the implementation of an enterprise approach to Army decision making.

The director, Lt. Gen. Robert Durbin, USA, Ret., serves as the special assistant to the secretary of the Army.

The drill proved to be successful as Army leaders left the conference with recommendations on how to integrate the Army enterprise approach with the Quarterly Defense Review and other Department of Defense enterprise management efforts.