Strategic Mobility: Enabling Global Responsiveness for America's Force of Decisive Action
(Torchbearer National Security Report, July 2013)
This Torchbearer National Security Report explores the future of the strategic responsiveness/mobility challenge. It discusses the necessity of strategic landpower, the status of the nation’s existing fleet of strategic-lift platforms and the human dimension of readiness to conduct any mission along the spectrum of conflict. It describes how Army doctrine and joint thinking have already been developed to cope with the volatile nature of this century’s diverse security challenges and explains how the Army is working to bridge existing mobility capability gaps. Finally, it details some of the transformative efforts that are necessary to enable the joint force to fulfill the nation’s high expectations in accordance with the latest defense strategic guidance.
The U.S. Army in the Pacific: Assuring Security and Stability
(Torchbearer National Security Report, April 2013)
This Torchbearer National Security Report discusses how the Army’s trained and ready forces in the Asia–Pacific region contribute to the joint force by preventing conflict, shaping the environment and winning decisively if necessary, assuring security and stability. As World War II ended, U.S. Army leadership proved to be the cornerstone of renewed peace and prosperity in the Pacific. Today, the region has reemerged as one of the world’s most militarily significant and challenging. The 2012 U.S. defense strategic guidance therefore directed that the joint force rebalance its efforts toward the Asia–Pacific and reinvest in its continued security. The Army must receive balanced support to continue providing invaluable resources to and enabling many contingency response options for the joint force.
★ ★ ★ 2012 ★ ★ ★
U.S. Army Operational Testing and Evaluation: Laying the Foundation for the Army of 2020
(Torchbearer National Security Report, October 2012)
This Torchbearer National Security Report outlines the success and significance of the Agile Capabilities Life Cycle, its associated Network Integration Evaluations process and the Capability Set Management construct. All of these—through tests and evaluations by which servicemembers can give constructive feedback on the operations of technologies and equipment—allow the Army to modernize its information systems. Such a network can also enable the necessary distribution of information and help to provide for overmatch against adversaries. Important in the further development of these network tools are continued participation and feedback from current Soldiers, efforts to maintain an understanding of the perspective of industry partners providing necessary materials and, most vital, continued reliable sources of funding.
A New Equipping Strategy: Modernizing the U.S. Army of 2020
(Torchbearer National Security Report, June 2012)
This Torchbearer National Security Report discusses many of the Army’s modernization priorities as it looks to the third decade of the 21st century. To provide U.S. combatant commanders with land forces that have the capability, capacity and diversity to succeed in this environment, the Army must continuously assess and adjudicate three foundational imperatives: endstrength/force structure, readiness and modernization. The Army must balance these three elements to prevent conflict, shape the environment and win decisively. To develop the right force design and mix to execute these imperatives, an equipping strategy for the Army of 2020 must acquire and modernize equipment in ways that provide the best force for the nation within the resources available. The Army’s acquisition and modernization approach acknowledges the healthy tension of balancing short-term (zero to two years), mid-term (two to eight years) and long-term (more than eight years) equipping challenges to support a strategic ground force that is superior, credible and rapidly deployable.
Modernizing LandWarNet: Empowering America's Army
(Torchbearer National Security Report, May 2012)
This Torchbearer National Security Report examines the ways in which LandWarNet will improve the Army’s current network, which is fragmented into many smaller networks that have a variety of standards, systems and pathways. LandWarNet addresses this complex issue by instituting a single, standards-based network. The Army’s strategy for end-to-end network modernization has five high-level objectives: operationalize LandWarNet; dramatically improve cybersecurity posture; improve operational effectiveness while realizing efficiencies; enable joint interoperability and collaboration with mission partners; and recruit and retain an agile workforce to support an expeditionary Army.
U.S. Army Space Capabilities: Enabling the Force of Decisive Action
(Torchbearer National Security Report, May 2012)
This Torchbearer National Security Report discusses how the Army is inextricably linked to space-based capabilities, which are involved with all aspects of the “prevent, shape and win” framework that guides the Army, both in current conflicts and in its future vision. As the Department of Defense’s new strategic guidance highlights, the Army will be part of a joint force that is smaller and leaner but more agile, flexible and technologically enabled. To mitigate complex operational risks and assure landpower dominance now and in the future, the Army relies on a technological backbone built on space-based capabilities and force structure. Preserving and expanding these capabilities will be required to keep the Army the force of decisive action.
★ ★ ★ 2011 ★ ★ ★
The U.S. Army Squad: Foundation of the Decisive Force
(Torchbearer National Security Report, October 2011)
This Torchbearer National Security Report discusses future equipping strategies that must make the squad as competitive for resources as major weapon and vehicle programs. To facilitate resourcing the squad as the foundation of the decisive force, the Army is taking a bottom-up approach to codifying requirements and capabilities needed to dominate the current and future fights. The Army is working to improve the following key capability areas: training, leader development, the network, mobility, power and energy, the human dimension, lethality and force protection. In examining each of these areas, the report examines the plans the Army must develop and implement to fully empower its squads for success.
U.S. Army Training for Unified Land Operations
(Torchbearer National Security Report, September 2011)
This Torchbearer National Security Report recognizes that the current Army doctrine of FSO is evolving toward the concept of unified land operations. Unified land operations—seizing, retaining and exploiting the initiative to gain and maintain a position of relative advantage in sustained land operations to create the conditions for favorable conflict termination—are executed through FSO by means of the core competencies of combined-arms maneuver (CAM) and wide-area security (WAS) and guided throughout by Mission Command. As the conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq progress toward conclusion, the Army is returning to its focus on the core competencies of CAM and WAS. By restoring a set of skills and disciplines atrophied by a decade of theater-specific training, the Army is restoring balance to its capabilities and will be better prepared for its worldwide, expeditionary mission.
Resetting Reserve Component Units: Taking Care of Soldiers and Families
(Torchbearer National Security Report, July 2011)
This Torchbearer National Security Report examines how the unprecedented pace of repeated RC deployments has made resetting the force—returning units, Soldiers and families to the level of readiness necessary for future missions—a formidable challenge. During reset, these Soldiers need to assimilate back into their local communities by reuniting with family, having timely and predictable access to health care-related resources, engaging successfully with the civilian workforce and pursuing educational opportunities. Both the Army National Guard and the Army Reserve have instituted a variety of programs and initiatives during the past ten years to ameliorate these challenges and take care of Soldiers and their families; these efforts have made the RC’s contributions much more sustainable and have greatly facilitated the Army’s retention of the invaluable experience found today within its ranks.
U.S. Army Energy Security and Sustainability: Vital to National Defense
(Torchbearer National Security Report, April 2011)
This Torchbearer National Security Report examines the Army's growing challenges to its energy supply at home and abroad. It is essential that the Army take significant steps today to protect reliable access to energy, water and other natural resources to preserve strategic choice and operational flexibility into the future. The Army is addressing the ideas of sustainability and energy security through the development of a forcewide energy doctrine and operating principles. In particular, the sustainability principle seeks to instill Army-wide change in both culture and practice with regard to energy consumption and generation. Technological investments and developments, operational training, education and facilities management are all critical aspects of instilling a mindset of conservation, efficiency and sustainability. This total institutional change is driving the Army's movement toward the concept of Net Zero.
★ ★ ★ 2010 ★ ★ ★
U.S. Army Aviation and Full-Spectrum Operations
(Torchbearer National Security Report, December 2010)
This Torchbearer National Security Report examines the ways in which the Army has conducted several expansive self-assessments over the last decade to ensure it is configured, manned and equipped to meet the nation’s warfighting needs. The Army has embraced the transformative model that strives to dominate the current fight while preparing for the future by capitalizing on a deliberate and effective reinvestment strategy. This modernization strategy, including missile-warning systems and countermeasures, improved performance engines and upgraded sensors and monitors, will provide greater situational awareness and capability for aviation warfighters on future battlefields. The demands of current battlespaces have placed Army aviation at the forefront of these operations.
U.S. Army Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Changing Modern Warfare
(Torchbearer National Security Report, July 2010)
This Torchbearer National Security Report takes a look at rapidly evolving Army UAS technology and its impact on the need for reliable collection and dissemination of information on the battlefield. From the small hand-launched Raven to the mid-size Shadow to the larger Hunter and Extended Range Multi-Purpose systems and the ground control stations that keep them all in the air and on point, the Army’s “eyes in the sky” have proved to be vital battlefield assets.
U.S. Army Special Operations Forces: Integral to the Army and the Joint Force
(Torchbearer National Security Report, March 2010)
This Torchbearer National Security Report discusses how Army special operations forces, teamed with general purpose forces, achieve strategic effects through tactical- and operational-level excellence on the battlefield and in lesser-known areas around the world. The ability to control and influence people establishes the strategic underpinnings of this nation's security and its land forces. Landpower--lethal, engaging, enduring--remains a keystone in the overarching integration of all elements of national power. The U.S. defense strategy reinforces the principle of balance: in the response to the current conflict while preparing for future ones; in preparing for full-spectrum operations; and between the cultural advantages that have provided security and the cultural changes needed to preserve it. Army special operations forces, a key element of landpower, are an integral part of the Army and the joint force and provide the nation with unique, sophisticated and tailored capabilities.
★ ★ ★ 2009 ★ ★ ★
Key Issues Relevant to U.S. Army Fires and the Warfighter
(Torchbearer National Security Report, October 2009)
This Torchbearer National Security Report outlines the way ahead for the Fires Force, including changes in doctrine, infrastructure, systems and processes to maximize the synergies shared by Air Defense and Field Artillery. The goal is to continuously adapt to a versatile mix of tailorable and networked organizations, operating on a rotational cycle, to provide a sustained flow of trained and ready forces for full-spectrum operations and to hedge against unexpected contingencies—at a tempo that is predictable and sustainable for the all-volunteer force. The new Fires Center of Excellence acts as a headquarters for the integrated Fires Force, trains and educates Soldiers and leaders, develops capabilities, and provides and sustains a Fires Force to support joint warfighting capabilities. The Army’s Fires senior leadership is implementing a thorough, far-reaching plan to enhance the capabilities of the Fires Force by revolutionizing its institutional base into an effective and efficient enterprise.
Transforming U.S. Army Pacific
(Torchbearer National Security Report, June 2009)
This Torchbearer National Security Report discusses the ongoing issues facing the Asia-Pacific theater, including the instability in the Korean Peninsula, and how U.S. Army Pacific is transforming its forces to meet current and future threats. As the United States continues to fight against terrorism and other threats to national security, USARPAC is working cooperatively throughout the Pacific with allied and partner nations' armies both to expand its influence and to maintain security. It is evolving into a theater army headquarters with the capability to fight and win across the full spectrum of conflict, from peacekeeping to major combat operations, ensuring that the U.S. Army remains the preeminent land warfighting force in the region.
Key Issues Relevant to Taking Care of Soldiers and Families
(Torchbearer National Security Report, April 2009)
This Torchbearer National Security Report identifies resources necessary to sustain the all-volunteer force and discusses the Army’s significant progress in Soldier and family programs, housing, child care, youth services, education, spouse employment, survivor outreach services, facilities, restoration of the environment and long-term health care.
★ ★ ★ 2008 ★ ★ ★
U.S. Army Aviation: Balancing Current and Future Demands
(Torchbearer National Security Report, January 2008)
This Torchbearer National Security Report discusses how the vertical dimension of landpower--the manned and unmanned platforms of Army aviation--is crucial to the nation's continued ability to control land and influence people and populations on the battlefields of the 21st century. Army aviation has been and continues to be at the forefront of developing new methods of defeating adversaries across the entire spectrum of operations. The Army has a comprehensive, effective plan to exploit these capabilities now and in the foreseeable future, but to ensure that the Army can continue to provide a warfighting capability to combatant commanders and prepare for the future, full, timely and predictable funding is required.
★ ★ ★ 2007 ★ ★ ★
Key Issues Relevant to Army Intelligence Transformation
(Torchbearer National Security Report, July 2007)
This Torchbearer National Security Report discusses the importance of actionable intelligence, which enables a high level of shared situational understanding. When delivered with speed, accuracy and timeliness, actionable intelligence allows commanders and Soldiers to operate at their highest potential and conduct successful operations. Four key vectors discussed in the report allow Army Intelligence to support the Army in all threat environments--traditional, irregular, disruptive and catastrophic. Fully transformed Army Intelligence will not only support ongoing operations, it will also guard against potential threats across the full spectrum of current and future operations.
Installations as Flagships for Soldier and Family Readiness and Quality of Life
(Torchbearer National Security Report, April 2007)
This Torchbearer National Security Report discusses the Army’s installations as “flagships of readiness” and outlines what must be done to maintain a high quality of life for Soldiers and their families. Installations are essential to supporting an expeditionary Army at war, providing the platforms from which the Army generates, projects and supports significant portions of America’s landpower. Over the next five years, the Army will invest more than $37 billion in Military Construction to support Base Realignment and Closure decisions, Global Defense Posture Realignment, the modular force conversion and quality-of-life projects. For the Army to meet these requirements, Congress must increase base and supplemental funding to properly resource installations. Fulfilling this commitment to Soldier and family readiness and quality of life is nonnegotiable.
A Transformed and Modernized U.S. Army: A National Imperative
(Torchbearer National Security Report, April 2007)
This Torchbearer National Security Report provides an in-depth analysis of the Army’s modernization plan—centered on Future Combat Systems technologies and a holistic, system-of-systems approach—to prepare the Army for success in the complex environment of the 21st century. The Army is modernizing to enable Soldiers and leaders, as part of a joint force, to dominate in any environment against current and emerging threats. Future Combat Systems, the centerpiece of Army modernization, is an integrated combat suite of multiple, interdependent systems that leverage common designs. As the centerpiece of the Army’s first comprehensive modernization in decades, FCS will ensure the Army retains the combat advantage in critical capabilities—net-centricity, mobility and a more efficient use of materiel and personnel—for the foreseeable future.
Sustaining the Mission, Preserving the Environment, Securing the Future
(Torchbearer National Security Report, February 2007)
This Torchbearer National Security Report briefly describes Army Sustainability, an effort to use our natural resources so that they are not depleted or permanently damaged. As part of this effort, the Army is developing and implementing initiatives that address the "triple bottom line" of mission, environment and community. A sustainable Army simultaneously meets current and future mission requirements worldwide, safeguards human health, improves quality of life, and enhances the natural environment. It is essential to ensuring the Army is able to protect America's people, land, values and way of life for the foreseeable future.
★ ★ ★ 2006 ★ ★ ★
The U.S. Army's Role in Stability Operations
(Torchbearer National Security Report, October, 2006)
This Torchbearer National Security Report analyzes the resources required for successful stability operations in a war zone. Stability operations—the military and civilian activities conducted across the entire spectrum of operations from stable peace to general war, to establish and maintain order in states and regions—are now given the same weight as offensive and defensive combat operations and are considered a critical part of U.S. military operations. However, recent experiences have reinforced the notion that successful stability operations demand enhanced interagency coordination, with clear lines of authority that result in a unified effort applying all elements of national power—diplomatic, informational, military, economic, financial, intelligence and law enforcement. What is needed to ensure success is a directed, integrated, fully funded approach to stability operations that incorporates all of the relevant U.S. military and civilian organizations.
The U.S. Army's Information Revolution: Delivering Information Dominance to the Warfighter
(Torchbearer National Security Report, August 2006)
This Torchbearer National Security Report explores the Army's plan to revolutionize its information systems, infrastructure and processes, detailing five critical components of this plan to deliver information dominance to the warfighter: LandWarNet; Information Technology on Installations; Army Knowledge Management; Information Assurance; and Army Information Business Transformation. As warfighting becomes increasingly network-centric, the Army knows it must deliver information dominance to the warfighter to ensure that Soldiers will have strategic-, operational- and tactical-level superiority in all security environments.
Accelerating Momentum: The Stryker Brigade Combat Team as a Learning Organization
(Torchbearer National Security Report, June 2006)
This Torchbearer National Security Report provides an in-depth analysis of the capabilities of the Stryker Brigade Combat Team (SBCT), the result of the Army's effort to develop a unique operational capability to reduce vulnerability. The SBCTs' firepower, mobility, protection and superior situational awareness have allowed them to dominate the battlefields in which they have been engaged and have provided a learning platform/organization to prepare the Army for the FCS BCT. The SBCT is playing a vital role in accelerating the momentum of Army transformation and modernization to become a more capable, relevant and vital member of the 21st century Joint Force.
2006 and Beyond: What the U.S. Army is Doing
(Torchbearer National Security Report, March 2006)
This Torchbearer National Security Report provides an in-depth analysis of the Army's plan for 2006, focusing on its resources, capabilities and manpower to ensure that it will remain the preeminent landpower on Earth. The Army is preparing itself for this challenge by restructuring/redesigning the current force; thinking/adapting its way into the future; transforming all of its supporting business practices; and integrating operating and generating forces. Fiscal Year 2007 is a pivotal year for the Army; the resources provided will determine its ability to continue to accomplish its mission and will accelerate the momentum of transformation to the future force.
★ ★ ★ 2005 ★ ★ ★
Resetting the Force: The Equipment Challenge
(Torchbearer National Security Report, October 2005)
This Torchbearer National Security Report examines the equipment piece of the Army's Reset program for preparing redeployed Soldiers and units for future missions. Due to high operational tempos, a harsh environment and limited depot maintenance available in theater, ground and air vehicles in Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom are experiencing usage five to six times greater than expected. To mitigate the risk to future unit readiness, the Army is taking a series of steps to reverse the stress of combat on equipment as forces redeploy. As part of this process, units will be reset forward to the new modular formations rather than back to their legacy designs.
Key Issues Relevant to Actionable Intelligence
(Torchbearer National Security Report, June 2005)
This Torchbearer National Security Report encompasses a series of six stand-alone issue papers examining the Joint Intelligence Operations Center concept and five of the eight Actionable Intelligence initiatives that comprise Army Intelligence transformation. The focus of that transformation is providing optimized intelligence support to the one who needs the information most -- the Soldier. The success of Actionable Intelligence will be measured by Soldiers' ability to operate more efficiently, with greater situational awareness and therefore greater confidence, succeeding in an environment very different from that of the recent past.
Transformed Installations . . . Essential for an All-Volunteer, Relevant and Ready U.S. Army
(Torchbearer National Security Report, April 2005)
This Torchbearer National Security Report examines the competing transformational requirements confronting Army installations as they meet the challenges of supporting the Global War on Terrorism. The Army's three key transformational initiatives—converting to a modular force, rebalacing force structure and stabilizing the force—are in motion. Two external undertakings—the relocation of Soldiers and families from Europe and Asia back to the United States together with the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) program—are having major impacts not only on Army Transformation in general but also on the Army's Installation Transformation.
The U.S. Army . . . A Modular Force for the 21st Century
(Torchbearer National Security Report March 2005)
This Torchbearer National Security Report examines the Army's dynamic transformation plan, with particular focus on one of four interrelated strategies: providing relevant and ready landpower to combatant commanders. That strategy contains the major transformational effort—the making of a modular force. This involves the total redesign of the operational Army (all components) into a larger, more powerful, more flexible and more rapidly deployable force--a force no longer based on a division-centric structure but built around stand-alone, self-sufficient and standardized tactical brigade combat teams of 3,500-4,000 Soldiers who are organized the way they fight. Among other initiatives related to this strategy are rebalancing active and reserve component units and skills and stabilizing Soldiers and units to enhance cohesion and predictability.
★ ★ ★ 2004 ★ ★ ★
The Soldier: Centerpiece of the United States Army
(Torchbearer National Security Report, October 2004)
This Torchbearer National Security Report highlights the significance of America's Soldiers to today's Army and Joint Force and sounds the clarion call to make them more effective and survivable by ensuring they have the necessary resources to conduct tough warrior-like training and receive state-of-the-art equipment before they deploy.
The New Paradigm: Bringing U.S. Army Logistics into the 21st Century
(Torchbearer National Security Report, March 2004)
As Operation Iraqi Freedom pointed out, logistics organization, doctrine and policy are struggling to keep pace within the 21st century battlefield. While the combat-arms part of the Army is changing dramatically, so too must Army Logistics – playing catch-up if necessary. This Torchbearer Report discusses a set of requirements within the domains of doctrine, organization, materiel and facilities that must be addressed to fix the capability gaps in logistics.
The U.S. Army in 2004 and Beyond: Strategically Agile & Adaptive
(Torchbearer National Security Report, February 2004)
Outlines the Army Chief of Staff's 16 focus areas for change and analyzes what must be done for the Army to be strategically agile and adaptive in 2004. This is particularly timely in light of the recent announcement that Army endstrength is to be temporarily increased by 30,000.
★ ★ ★ 2003 ★ ★ ★
The U.S. Army's Transformation to the Objective Force
(Torchbearer National Security Report, April 2003)
The irreversible momentum of Transformation has taken hold. The Army has embraced the concept of change and has set the standard for other services to follow.
How "Transformational" is Army Transformation?
(Torchbearer National Security Report, February 2003)
Army Transformation is in harmony with Defense Department and joint efforts to transform the military. The Army’s Transformation Campaign Plan is on track and on target, designing a force to lead joint operations.
★ ★ ★ 2002 ★ ★ ★
How "Well" is Army Well-Being?
(Torchbearer National Security Report, October 2002)
In-depth analysis of a holistic approach to Army well-being, the human dimension of Army Transformation.
The U.S. Army's Strategic Imperatives - Volume II
(Torchbearer National Security Report, September 2002)
Four specific issues reflect the Army’s effort to transform itself to meet America’s changing security challenges: Special Operations forces, the Comanche helicopter and UAVs, the Ground-Based Midcourse Missile Defense System and the Theater Support Vessel.
The U.S. Army's Transformation to the Objective Force - Volume II
(Torchbearer National Security Report, August 2002)
Modernized systems enhanced with the latest information technologies are the backbone of Army Transformation. The capabilities of the Interim and Objective Forces are multidimensional, and the soldier remains the pivotal influence.
Army Recapitalization--A Focused Investment in Today's Army
(Torchbearer National Security Report, March 2002)
Rather than invest in new systems to meet the challenge of aging equipment, the Army has chosen to rebuild, refurbish or upgrade 17 major systems for the Legacy Force's "counterattack corps."
★ ★ ★ 2001 ★ ★ ★
The U.S. Army's Strategic Imperatives
(Torchbearer National Security Report, September 2001)
AUSA stands firm in the belief that a potent landpower force is an essential part of military capabilities. Landpower is the ultimate determinant of success in war. Only an army can control an enemy's land, infrastructure, resources and people.
The U.S. Army's Transformation to the Objective Force
(Torchbearer National Security Report, September 2001)
As The Army moves down the trail to a transformed Objective Force, it must guard against the decoupling of the elements of the Transformation process. The value of Transformation lies in the interaction and synergy of all three elements--the Legacy, Interim and Objective Forces.
Decaying Military Infrastructure: Putting U.S. Army Readiness at Risk
(Torchbearer National Security Report, September 2001)
The armed forces' crumbling infrastructure is a serious readiness issue that is only worsening with time. Years of underfunding have taken their toll. Infrastructure maintenance and modernization investment have been sacrificed to sustain commitments elsewhere and to maintain warfighting readiness. Army infrastructure must be fixed now.
Educating Our Military's Children . . . Are We Closing the Gaps?
(Torchbearer National Security Report, April 2001)
Today's military force is an educated force and a family force. Military members have high expectations for their children's education. More are accepting or rejecting assignments, or even deciding to leave the military, based on perceptions about the education their children will receive at prospective duty stations.
★ ★ ★ 2000 ★ ★ ★
R&D Death Spiral
(Torchbearer National Security Report; Defense Report; Army Report. October 2000)
This Torchbearer National Security Report examines the 1990-2000 R&D "death spiral" and its potential impact on Army transformation and outlines what must be done to solve the problem.
Crisis in Military Housing: If only the Walls Could Talk
(Torchbearer National Security Report, September 2000)
This Torchbearer National Security Report discusses supporting the need for affordable, adequate housing for both single/unaccompanied soldiers and soldiers with families.
The Promise...The Reality: Military Health Care Management Revisited
(Torchbearer National Security Report, February 2000)
This Torchbearer National Security Report discusses AUSA's commitment to supporting the need for accessible, efficient and quality health care for all soldiers, retirees and families.
Strategic Mobility and Responsive Power Projection
(Torchbearer National Security Report, January 2000)
This Torchbearer National Security Report is designed to be a primer on strategic mobility and to show why this capability is in danger of becoming worn out or obsolescent if resources are not dedicated to its modernization and upkeep. As the United States continues to be engaged, both economically and politically, our armed forces will continue to be a vital protector of our national interests. To accomplish our current and future military missions requires that we lead the way with seamless integrated mobility capabilities that permit the projection of power to anyplace in the world directly from the continental United States (CONUS).